- What is an Evidence Briefing?
- Can I ask for an Evidence Briefing to be produced?
- What Evidence Briefings are currently available?
Evidence Briefings are a summary of the best available evidence that has been identified and selected from research using systematic and transparent search methods, in order to answer a specific question. However, the findings are not quality assessed or critically appraised. The briefings are a neutral presentation of the evidence and do not seek to make any recommendations.
Can I ask for an Evidence Briefing to be produced?
It takes a minimum of 3 weeks to produce an Evidence Briefing – this does not include the time the request may have to spend in our triage system or awaiting staff capacity. Please ensure you request an Evidence Briefing well in advance of any deadline you may have.
Evidence Briefings are also subject to certain eligibility criteria including whether the request is in the form of a focused answerable question, and is either a topic for strategy/planning or policy development, one requiring immediate action for work or implementation, or one where evidence is required to showcase a high priority topic.
Evidence Briefings are one of four types of literature search outputs offered by PHE KLS. For further information about literature searches and how to request them, please see our Literature Search page.
What Evidence Briefings are currently available?
- What is the excess cost/use of health and social resources related to alcohol? (July 2018)
- What is the evidence on the effectiveness of social marketing strategies for lowering the alcohol consumption of middle-aged people? (November 2018)
- Do teachable moments change the lifestyle behaviours of patients after they received their investigation results having been referred to secondary care with suspected cancer? (December 2017)
- Which population groups are more likely to delay presentation with cancer symptoms and are more frequently diagnosed with late stage cancer, and why? (March 2019)
- What cost-effectiveness evaluations of Children’s Services in England have been carried out, and how does Local Authority spending on Children’s Services compare? (December 2020)
- What approaches are there for monitoring and evaluation of global public health programmes? (July 2018)
- What is the evidence around knowledge and library service provision and knowledge management to support global health, and disaster and emergency preparedness? (June 2017)
- Which service or policy mechanisms, models or approaches have been shown to be effective or ineffective at reducing inequalities in employment? (October 2018)
- Which service or policy mechanisms, models or approaches, have been shown to be effective or ineffective at reducing the inequalities that are known to have an impact on childhood obesity? (November 2018)
- Which service or policy mechanisms, models or approaches, have been shown to be effective or ineffective at reducing inequalities in access to health and social care services? (October 2018)
- Which service delivery mechanisms, models or approaches have been shown to be effective or ineffective at reducing the inequalities that older people experience? (October 2018)
- Which service delivery mechanisms, models or approaches have been shown to be effective at reducing educational inequalities in early years? (November 2018)
- What is the evidence for the experiences of health care workers (HCWs) using respiratory protective devices, in terms of tolerance and duration of usage? An update? (March 2018)
- What interventions are there to reduce Gram-negative bloodstream infections and how effective are they? (December 2018)
- What definitions and models exist for knowledge retention? (October 2016)
- What interventions lead to an increase in uptake of the physical health check by people with a severe mental illness (SMI)? (July 2021)
- How effective are interventions offered for women with severe mental illness (SMI) with babies between 12 and 24 months? (June 2021)
- Can the GAD-2, PHQ-2, GAD-7 and PHQ-7 screening questionnaires be used as a proxy for likely diagnosis of depression and anxiety? For people scoring high on GAD-7 or PHQ-9 which interventions would be effective in lowering their anxiety and depression levels respectively? (June 2021)
- Does training teachers in mental health literacy improve the mental and emotional wellbeing of school pupils? (January 2018)
NHS Health Checks
- What is the latest evidence on NHS Health Checks? (issued several times per year)
- What approaches to performance management and performance appraisal in the workplace are effective for improving organisation outcomes or staff attitudes to the process? (November 2019)
- How can primary care interventions increase the uptake of physical activity for people at different stages of life? (April 2018)
- What evidence is there that physical activity builds or supports brain health? (March 2018)
- Are healthy weight management interventions effective before, during and after pregnancy? (October 2019)
- How does smoking, alcohol use, folic acid, maternal obesity and timing of antenatal care in pregnancy vary by socioeconomic status or age of mother? (November 2017)
- In what ways do women experience stigma or embarrassment in relation to reproductive symptoms or in accessing healthcare, and what are the policy responses? (November 2017)
- What do current policies and guidance say about the provision of post-natal contraception to women in healthcare settings? (April 2017)
- What does the evidence say about the delivery and receipt of post-natal contraception in healthcare settings? (July 2017)
Screening and testing
- What is the evidence for cost-effectiveness of testing for HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in primary care and other settings in the UK? (January 2021)
- Why is cervical screening coverage falling in the UK and what has primary care done to increase uptake of cervical screening? (January 2018)
- Does self-harm prevalence and admission vary across English regions or local authorities, and if so, what might be the reasons for this variation? (May 2018)
- What is the effect of syphilis testing frequency on the incidence of syphilis in men who have sex with men (MSM)? (August 2018)
- Is social marketing an effective method for improving sexual health outcomes in the developed world, particularly for black minority ethnic (BME) groups, young people and men who have sex with men (MSM)? (December 2017)
- What methods have been effective in promoting uptake of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals at high risk of HIV, excluding men who have sex with men (MSM), in developed cities comparable to London? (March 2019)
- What is the impact of poor sleep on physical and mental health? What is the evidence on the individual interventions to improve sleep? (September 2017)
Substance abuse, substance misuse, addiction
- What are the facilitators and barriers to the uptake of low dead space injecting equipment for people who inject drugs? (June 2021)
- What research has been done to understand substance misuse within the UK student population, and what interventions have been introduced as a result? (October 2019)
- What is the current evidence for the efficacy of drug consumption rooms? (March 2019)
Work and health
- Do health and social care staff experience higher levels of stress, greater health risks and poorer health than workers in other sectors? (February 2018)
- Does remaining in work benefit those with musculoskeletal conditions? (March 2018)
- How can health care workers help patients with a health condition and/or disability remain in or get back into work? (January 2018)
- How can health care workers help young people not in employment education or training (NEETs) transition into work? (February 2018)
- What is the impact of job loss and unemployment on the physical and mental health of older adults, and how can they be supported back into work? (February 2018)
- What are the methods for improving mental or physical health after a transition from unemployment to employment in those with a long term condition or disability? (March 2018)
- What can employers do to support women going through the menopause? (August 2019)
- What evidence is there showing how employers can address obesity in the workplace? (May 2017)
- What does the evidence say about employee sleep? (May 2017)
- What are the pros and cons of activity-based/flexible working? (January 2017)